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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 1, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news america." . this is bbc world news america. i am laura trevelyan. how donald trump hopes to ensure his supreme court take gets on the bench. the zika virus was declared a global emergency, why doctors fear more babies may be affected then previously thought. >> it did not seem real to me. born: a heartwarming tale
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out of airport chaos. how an iraqi veteran and immigrant form did unlikely bond. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. donald trump's pick for the next supreme court justice met leadership onn capitol hill. the president urged congressional republicans to go nuclear if need be, change the rules to get his appointment through. and whatdge gorsuch impact might he have on the bench? there are 9 unelected power with arguably more than anyone else in america. the supreme court can
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fundamentally alter the country's social and political life for generations. >> today, i'm keeping another promise to the american people. ofinating judge neil gorsuch the united states supreme court to be of the united states supreme court. have athe chance to republican president pick members of the supreme court drove many voters to trump. 's deathntonin scalia they had a slim conservative majority of 5-4. mr. trump's appointment is confirmed, it will again tilt right for decades to come. >> he is recognized where his intellect and writing ability. he is similar to the late justice scalia as someone who thinks deeply about questions, rights in a -- writing in
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a profound way. in 1857 in dred scott versus sanford the court led by chief justice roger tanny denied citizenship to african-american slaves. the ruling overturned a compromise that cap the peace between north and south for generations and paved the way for the civil war. a century later in brown versus the board of education the court found separating black and white schools waspublic unconstitutional, leading to the civil rights movement. perhaps one of the most controversial decisions ever taken was rove versus wade. in 1973 it found that women had a constitutional right to an abortion. every year since the roe versus for lifeng, a march has been held by antiabortion activists in protest.
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demonstrators were in a determined mood. realistically, even with the pro-life justice, the court says it is unlikely to make abortion illegal. the majority of americans do not want roe v wade overturned. protectionental there will be changes in a more conservative direction. be confirmed?uch almost certainly. when the president's party controls the senate it is difficult to stop a nomination, though democrats say they will fight it. >> i have doubts that judge gorsuch is up to the job. the supreme court now rests in delicate balance. highly partisan battle that could go beyond this nominee. 2 of the current judges are in their 80's and could choose to retire at any time during trump
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's presidency giving him another chance to tilt the court to the right. . for more on the nomination i spoke to our north american editor, jon sopel. question is how much of a fight the democrats are going to put up over the appointment. jon: it will be quite a fight. not everyone is going to say, good guy, impeccable credentials, let's march him through. overemocrats are seething the fact that barack obama -- remember justice scalia died last february. barack obama had the duty to appoint the next supreme court justice, and the republicans would not hear from him, point blank refused. there is an appetite for the democrats to say "you expect us to play ball now?" raceave the democratic
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saying let's not do anything to help this process. even though he has the credentials, they will try to make it difficult. it?e 100% guaranteed to get no, but the republicans have a majority in the house and senate . i cannot help thinking it will go through in the end. laura: donald trump got his way with rex tillerson being nominated despite concerns initially overhead being too close to russia. does it look like iran could be the first big test? they put in iran on notice over ballistics. jon: they were sitting down for what was meant to be a conventional briefing. suddenly general flynn says we are putting iran on notice over their behavior over the missile test. they did not say it was in violation of a resolution, but was provocative. it does look like that. what does being put on notice mean?
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are you ratcheting up the rhetoric to say we are not the obama regime, we are a different administration so get used to us we will be tougher? is it the start of something else? where does this leave russia? the world is a complicated place. iran has been helpful to russia in syria. are the russians going to let america do anything nasty to iran? it plays into the complexity. if donald trump has bilateral issues that he deals with, things overlap. in, russia, the usa overlap. -- iran, russia, the usa overlap. laura: president trump has issued many executive orders, some with sharply divided opinion. he says he is keeping promises he made on the campaign trail. nick bryant has traveled to tennessee to judge how people
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are taking to the new president. the hills of eastern tennessee, a landscape that reminds us it was not only the rust belt that won donald trump the presidency, but the bible belt as well. chattanooga prides itself as being the buckle of the belt. at this bible group, praise for his socially conservative supreme court nominee and takes to god for placing him in the white house. >> god has done his work in him. he has changed 10. you can see by the people he surrounds himself with. he has brought a seriousness that people did not think would come out of donald trump. i think god led this country to put donald trump in office. mark west started out as a never-trump republican. he looked upon the new yorker is a philandering playboy.
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conservatives have been so fed up with washington for decades. we wanted someone to go to washington and blow it up. whether i was a trump supporter or not, so many of us are looking for him to completely change the landscape. up, figuratively, washington, and give us a new revolution. nick: it has felt like a furlong gala that has impressed kelly and todd floyd. you think he's making good on his promises? >> the implementation of the immigration policy showed that he was not a career politician. that is why he was voted into office. we do not want career politicians anymore. nick: there is no sign here of buyers remorse. york and los angeles into
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the heartland communities feels like a parallel universe. there are 2 americas. how you react to donald trump determines which one you inhabit. they can ends from the american -- the canons that dot the landscape from the civil war can be viewed as how conflict and divisiveness is written into this nation's dna. it feels like the people of america are sharing the same continent, but not the same country. bbc news, tennessee. laura: the view from outside the washington beltway. rex tillerson will be the next u.s. secretary of state. for a short time it looked like donald trump would tap general petraeus for the post. the general was on capitol hill today urging the president not to abandon global alliances. it itselfnot will into existence, we created the
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world order. likewise it is not self-sustaining. we have sustained it. if we stop doing so it will eventually collapse. laura: david petraeus. earlier, katty kay spoke with 'suck hagel about american place in the world in her new program, "100 days." with general agree the tree is that we are at a moment in history when america could pull back from alliances and the post second world war system that kept us at peace for 70 years could unravel? it is a serious reality that possibility exists, especially since we have seen with the new president, the direction the new president, has decided to go with his actions and words. the post-world war ii era was
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built around coalitions of common interest, which validated the clear common interests of nations through alliances. alliances are not new, but the way it was done after world war ii was new. it has sustained a world order that has benefited most of the world, not all. world orders change, institutions shift. it must be relevant to the new challenges. you do not dismantle your alliances or institution to be more relevant. you deal with it. that is what we need to do, not undo the alliances. trade was very much an anchor to those alliances. laura: trade, nato, alliances being revisited. one thing being looked at is iran. we had the national security adviser at the white house
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coming out with a tough comment on iran's saying america, the white house, is putting iran on notice. what could be different in america's relationship with iran ? mr. hagel: i cannot speak for them, but other than general flynn you have a senior white house staff that has never had any responsibility for national security or foreign policy. who never have been involved in any tangential way. that is a concern. there is other administration that you understand it, had a lifetime of it. the iran peace is a serious .eace it is a matter of how you handle the challenges and respond. laura: i am sure you hear from the global leaders and diplomats you talk to, concerns about
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where america is going. on the balance of power american allies are looking at the people you mentioned, general james mattis, rex tillerson, john kelly, hoping they will be a steadying hand. where do you think the balance of power lies in this white house? the reality is in every white house that the power resides in the white house. make no mistake. that is not new. every administration has had .hat same situation no secretary of defense, state, homeland security makes policy. you are an agent of the residence policy out of the white house. the national security advisor is the fountain from which most foreign policy, national security issues, come through. the question about the balance
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of power, we have to see how this plays out. it also depends, always, on how much balance does the president want? how, then, will he adjust to that? laura: chuck hagel speaking to katty kay on her new show, with "100 days." members of the lower house of the british parliament approved legislation aimed at authorizing negotiations to leave the european union proceeding to the next stage. 498 in favor, 114 against. three russian cyber security experts have been charged with treason for betraying their country to the united states. it may bepeculation linked to cia intelligence on russian hacking during the u.s. presidential election. president putin says the arrests
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are not related to the hacking, which russia denies. be getting an operation to evacuate settlers from the illegal west bank outpost. israel ruled that it was built andrivate palestinian land should be demolished. the evacuation is one day after israel announced it would help 3000 additional homes for jewish settlers in the west bank's. still to come on tonight's met as strangers in an airport and walked away with the story of a lifetime. how a purple heart brought these 2 men together. the 4 inventors of the digital camera were awarded the highest international engineering award, the queen elizabeth prize. hosh has- pallab g the story. pallab: we have seen distant
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planets, marveled at nature's intricacies, and celebrated moments in selfies. these images have come from digital cameras. we snap, upload, and share them. they have transformed our view of the world around us. the engineers who invented digital cameras have been awarded the biggest prize in engineering. the digital camera was developed in the early 1970's i a british researcher. his camera looks like a shoebox rather than equipment that started a technological revolution. this was the very first color digital picture of his wife couple margaret. 40 years on she remembers the moment. ithe just took the photo, came out, and it was pretty fuzzy compared to a regular film photo at that time.
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the doctor was surprised at how his invention caught on. >> we had no idea these things would become as small and ubiquitous as they have. pallab: digital cameras fit in mobile phones because they were miniaturized. think that i had any idea the impact it would have. i thought it would be useful, amazing andct is surprises me, astonishes me on an almost daily basis. pallab: the digital camera has changed our world and the selfie is here to stay. laura: it has been 12 months since his ego was declared a global health emergency. scientists are piecing together the impact that the virus has on
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mothers.rn to infected many more children could be suffering from complication than first thought. la costa hascamil gone to recife. camilla: these babies will need help for the rest of their life. these is the place for them to get the specialist care they need, but there is not enough money to help all of them. one of them on the waiting list became the face of zika after this photo went viral. a year later he is still small for his age, has breathing difficulties, trouble swallowing, and cannot walk. the only way his mother can feed him is through a tube. tuesday, here wednesday, and friday. i wake up at 4:00 in the morning
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and arrived here at exit, because -- at 6:00, because there is no other transportation available. it is difficult, but not impossible. for a baby's health, nothing is impossible. camilla: doctors believe the number of those affected should be much higher. she is 15 months old and is one of the kids doctors are studying now. she was not aboard with microcephaly, but later she showed signs she was affected by the zika virus in her mother's womb. her mother thought she had escaped zika's impact. after a few months, something did not seem right. >> when the doctors said it was zika i was surprised, but relieved. i noticed she had motor problems and was not developing like other kids. from then on i knew what was
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wrong and could treat her with therapy. camilla: they call it congenital zika syndrome. even if they are born with a normal-sized head they can have poor vision, hearing loss, and other disabilities later in life . for every baby with microcephaly, 10 others may develop these problems. the microcephaly is the tip of the iceberg. risk of related symptoms. she is getting the help she needs. doctors are rushing to identify the thousands of babies like her who also require treatment. the brazilian health system is struggling to cope with zika's legacy. the heartbreaking impact of zika on newborn babies.
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the backlash against donald's immigration order continues with the u.n. secretary-general saying it is not the way to protect against terrorism. officials are working to prevent the sort of airport disruption we saw last weekend. an iraqi immigrant whose wife was flying in from iraq, and at one point a stranger appeared with a military metal. -- with a military medal. >> they did not seem real to me. it did not real. >> 2 combat deployments, wounded multiple times. i worked with americans at the embassy in baghdad. i came to the united states in 2008 on a special immigrant visa. back fromn my way
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home depot and saw the coverage of jfk. newutrage at jfk airport in york were 2 men were detained. >> i did a search to see if there was something happening. i felt so strongly and before we knew it we were halfway there. this land is your land, this land is my land. ♪ >> i was in denial. i did not understand the situation. i was thinking the system should be working and she was a green card holder. [chanting] welcome to the usa >> that i met this wonderful man. >> this is what america is all about. >> i was asked to go to protest. i do not even think i was going to protest.
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my thought was not giving him the purple heart, it was what do i have that is important to me. you are in the airport with a bad experience, but i want you to leave with the true american sentiment. >> it is the most precious gift i have received in my life. it will be on display. also, it will be a story that i keep telling. to me purple heart represents something that will always be a part of me. i have the scars on my body to represent the experience. it was literally just me trying to give to him something that was important. me happy.make it made my family happy. forever changed our lives in a way. story the uplifting bringing today's broadcast to a
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close. you can find out more at our website. to reach me and most of the team go to twitter. i am @lauratrevelyan. thank you for watching, and tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. >> o'brien: and i'm miles o'brien. >> woodruff: on the newshour tonight: >> the action people are seeing in these early days is just the beginning. >> woodruff: in his first television interview since the inauguration, i sit down with vice president mike pence to talk the first days in office and the president's recent supreme court pick. >> i do believe that as judge gorsuch travels across capitol hill in the weeks ahead, sitting with republicans and democrats, they're going to see what the president saw. >> o'brien: also ahead this wednesday, a deep dive look at judge gorsuch, and what his past decisions can tell us about the future of the court. >> woodruff: and, in ghana, how clean cooking technology may help reduce exposure to

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